Let us first understand what eczema is. We all know it as an acute skin disorder but some of us are also not sure what exactly eczema is and what causes it.
According to the Dictionary of Doctors and Surgeons, eczema is a chronic allergic reaction to a substance found in our environment or food we consume, such as dust, pet dander, or wool. It is usually not harmful to the person but can result in an annoying and painful disorder, which is characterized by blisters, skin thickening, redness, itchiness, inflammation, and often burning. It may be dry, scaly, moist, blistery, or oozing, and it occurs on almost any part of the body. In very severe cases, patients may develop a systemic infection which is known as pseudo glandular eczema.
Eczema can be very embarrassing to the affected person, and they feel that no one understands their condition. The patients sometimes try to avoid social situations like going to work, traveling, etc. So it can be very frustrating for them to have to deal with it.
Eczema is a chronic skin disorder that develops in most people after they get older. Therefore, there is no need to guess what causes it. Usually, it is triggered by the presence of a particular substance such as pet dander, dust, pollen, mites, animal fur, etc.
The symptoms of eczema are more evident than other skin diseases. However, eczema can still take place if a person has taken all the precautionary measures available to him and still gets eczema.
While treating eczema, there are certain steps that should be followed. These steps include being aware of what triggers eczema, avoidance of contact with those substances that trigger eczema, dietary changes, relaxing the skin, and exercising to keep the skin supple.
Eczema can be successfully treated if the patient knows what he is dealing with. He should also be in a position to avoid the triggering substance. However, the person who suffers from eczema should be aware of the trigger so that he will be able to avoid contact with the offending material.
It is important for the patient to realize that eczema is not a dangerous disease. Allergic reactions can be controlled very easily by preventing the person from coming into contact with the substance. There are many over the counter medications available that can help in controlling the symptoms.
There are also dietary changes that can help. Food that is high in protein, calcium, zinc, selenium and vitamin E should be consumed daily. Foods that contain these nutrients are less likely to cause eczema.
A good lifestyle should also be observed. People who suffer from eczema should try to keep themselves physically active and have adequate sleep. They should also ensure that they follow the correct hygiene to prevent the occurrence of skin rashes and to prevent itching.
Eczema is generally considered harmless. However, for those people who have a weakened immune system, it can become extremely difficult to manage the condition. This is why doctors recommend that people who suffer from eczema follow a strictly planned diet, take vitamin supplements, and also wear protective clothing.